Dec 7, 1941. At 7: 55 AM (local time) Dec 7, 1941, a date that will live in infamy, nearly 200 Japanese aircraft attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, long considered the US Gibraltar of the Pacific. The raid,which lasted little more than one hour, left nearly 3,000 dead. Almost the entire US Pacific Fleet was at anchor there, and few ships escaped damage. Several were sunk or disabled, while 200 US aircraft on the ground were destroyed. The attack on Pearl Harbor brought about immediate US entry into WWII, a declaration of war being requested by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and approved by Congress Dec 8, 1941.
A holy day of obligation in the Roman Catholic church, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception honors the conception of the Virgin Mary byher mother Anne.
Dec 8, 1980. On this date deranged gunman Mark David Chapman shot and killed rock star John Lennon outside his apartment building as he returned from a recording session. The death of the former Beatle, who was an international peace activist, shocked the world.
Dec 8, 1991. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) ceased to exist, as the republics of Russia, Byelorussia and Ukraine signedan agreement at Minsk, Byelorussia, creating the Commonwealth of Independent States. The remaining republics, with the exception of Georgia, joined in the new commonwealth as it began the slow and arduous process of removing the yoke of Communism and dealing with strong separatist and nationalistic movements within the various republics.
The United States entered World War II with declarations of waron Japan on 8 December 1941. A declaration of war on Germany would follow on 11 December 1941.
Dec 9, 1960. One of the UKs longest-running television series, Coronation Street depicts the working-class denizens of a neighborhoodin Manchester, England. Created by Tony Warren, this soap is a cultural touchstone, and show story lines have been reported on the news. Its 7,000th episode aired Jan 28, 2009.
Dec 9, 1792. The first formal cremation of a human body in America took place near Charleston, SC. Henry Laurens, colonial statesman and signer of the Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War, in his will provided: I do solemnly enjoin it on my son, as an indispensable duty, that as soon as he conveniently can, after my decease, he cause my body tobe wrapped in twelve yards of tow cloth and burned until it be entirely consumed, and then, collecting my bones, deposit them wherever he may think proper. Laurens died Dec 8, 1792, at his plantation and was cremated there.
Dec 9, 1906. Born at New York, NY. When she retired from the US Navy at the age of 79, she was the oldest naval officer ever on active duty. She attained the rank of rear admiral and was a leader in the computer revolution, having developed the computer language COBOL. Grace Hopper died Jan 1, 1992, at Arlington, WV.
Dec 10, 1815. Born London, England, the only legitimate child of Romantic poet Lord Byron, Lovelace was an applied mathematician and author of the worlds first detailed description of a computer in her work Notes, which appended an article about friend/ mentor Charles Babbages Analytical Engine. She is hailed as the worlds first computer programmer for her work describing how to derive Bernoulli numbers on Babbages machine.Despite her significant contributions, she only signed her work with her initials so as not to upset societal norms. The contemporary Ada computer language is named for her. Lovelace died Nov 27, 1852, at Marylebone, England.
Human Rights Day is on 10 December each year, marking the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
Dec 10, 1898. Following the conclusion of the Spanish-AmericanWar in 1898, American and Spanish ambassadors met at Paris, France, to negotiate a treaty. Under the terms of this treaty, Spain granted the US the Philippine Islands and the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico and agreed towithdraw from Cuba. Senatorial debate over the treaty centered on the USsmove toward imperialism by acquiring the Philippines. A vote was taken Feb6, 1899, and the treaty passed by a one-vote margin. President William McKinley signed the treaty Feb 10, 1899.
Dec 11, 1936. Christened Edward Albert Christian George AndrewPatrick David, King Edward VIII was born at Richmond Park, England, on June 12, 1894, and became Prince of Wales in July 1911. He ascended to the English throne upon the death of his father, George V, on Jan 20, 1936, but coronation never took place. He abdicated on Dec 11, 1936, in order to marry the woman I love, twice-divorced American Wallis Warfield Simpson. They were married in France, June 3, 1937. Edward was named Duke ofWindsor by his brother-successor, George VI. The duke died at Paris, May28, 1972, but was buried in England, near Windsor Castle.
Dec 12, 1863. Born at Lten, Norway, Munch was a painter andprintmaker whose work influenced the development of German Expressionism. Munchs use of bold lines, violent imagery and blunt sexuality shocked conventional society, but he called it soul painting. His most famous work, The Scream (1893), has become an icon of the anxiety inherent in modern consciousness. In 2012, at $ 120 million, it became the most expensive work of art ever sold at auction. Munch died at Ekely, Norway, on Jan 23, 1944.
Dec 13. Gingerbread decorating is a classic holiday tradition for all ages: few things can serve as a more festive centerpiece than a gingerbread house. Decorating gingerbread houses is easy and brings the whole family together. Adults and kids can have a ball decorating with their favorite candies to create roof tiles, holly wreaths and playfully patterned window designs. The results and memories will be special. Ideas, instruction, recipes, trouble-shooting and more at the Wilton website. Annually, the second Saturday in December.
Dec 13. The horse is a living link to the heritage and history of our nation and represents a common bond among all peoples who led the way in building our country. Today, the horse industry contributes more than$ 112 billion annually to the American economy. Therefore, the CaliforniaState Legislature (as well as the US Senate) has declared the second Saturday of December to be the Day of the Horse in honor of these magnificent creatures.
Dec 12. The legend of Guadalupe tells how in December 1531, anIndian, Juan Diego, saw the Virgin Mother on a hill near Mexico City. She instructed him to go to the bishop and have him build a shrine to her on the site of the vision. After his request was initially rebuffed, the Virgin Mother appeared to Juan Diego three days later. She instructed him to pick roses growing on a stony and barren hillside nearby and take them to thebishop as proof. Although flowers do not normally bloom in December, JuanDiego found the roses and took them to the bishop. As he opened his mantleto drop the roses on the floor, an image of the Virgin Mary appeared among them. The bishop built the sanctuary as instructed. Our Lady of Guadalupebecame the patroness of Mexico City and by 1746 was the patron saint of all New Spain and by 1910 of all Latin America.
Dec 12. A day to enjoy poinsettias and to honor Dr. Joel Roberts Poinsett, the American diplomat who introduced into the US the Central American plant that is named for him. Poinsett was born at Charleston, SC,Mar 2, 1799. He also served as a member of Congress and as secretary of war. He died near Statesburg, SC, Dec 12, 1851. The poinsettia has becomea favorite Christmas season plant.
In Sweden, Saint Lucia day is a national holiday – a celebration of the festival of light. Young girls dress as Saint Lucia, with a headdress of candles serving guests coffee and lussekatter (saffron buns).
Dec 13, 1991. North and South Korea signed a treaty of reconciliation and nonaggression, formally ending the Korean War 38 years after fighting ceased in 1953. This agreement was not hailed as a peace treaty, and the armistice that was signed July 27, 1953, between the UN and NorthKorea, was to remain in effect until it could be transformed into a formal peace.
Dec 13 January 1938. The Rape of Nanking began after the Japanese took Nanking during the Sino-Japanese War. Hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers, civilians and women were murdered or raped.Editors ofChase’s Calendar of Events (2013-10-02). Chase’s Calendar of Events 2016 with CD-ROM (p. 611). McGraw-Hill. Kindle Edition.
Dec 14, 1799. The first president of the US died at his home at Mount Vernon, VA, shortly before midnight. He had battled a sudden acute respiratory infection and been bled four times. I die hard, but I am not afraid to go were his famous near-dying words. After he confirmed his own burial plans, Washingtons actual last words were, Tis well. He wasmourned throughout the US and in Europe.
The Halcyon Days are traditionally the seven days before and the seven days after the Winter Solstice – a time of calm and tranquility.
Dec 14, 1911. The elusive object of many expeditions dating from the 17th century, the South Pole was located and visited by Roald Amundsen with four companions and 52 sled dogs. All five men and 12 of the dogs returned to base camp safely. Next to visit the South Pole, Jan 17, 1912, was a party of five led by Captain Robert F. Scott, all of whom perishedduring the return trip. A search party found their frozen bodies 11 monthslater.
Dec 15, 1791. The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution,known as the Bill of Rights, became effective following ratification by Virginia. The anniversary of ratification and of effect is observed as Bill of Rights Day.
If you can say that your job or even your life is like tryingto herd cats, then this day is for you with our sympathy.