The Battle of Bunker Hill took place near Boston on June 17, 1775.
the ballets The Firebird,Petrushka and The Rite of Spring; the choral work Symphony of Psalms; and Abraham and Isaac, A Sacred Ballet. Died at New York, NY, Apr 6, 1971.
On June 17, 1972, the arrests at the Democratic Party Headquarters in the Watergate Building in Washington, DC, took place.
June 18, 1815. Date of the decisive defeat of Emperor Napoleonand his army of 74,000 soldiers by a combined Anglo-Allied (68,000 troops) and Prussian army (70,000 troops) led by the Duke of Wellington and Marshal Blcher. The bloody battle in a gentle valley near Waterloo a municipality then annexed to the French Republic, now part of French-speaking Belgium ended the French First Empire and the career of Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the greatest commanders and statesmen in history, and ushered in half a century of international peace and stability in Europe.
June 18, 1983. Dr. Sally Ride, 32-year-old physicist and pilot, functioned as a mission specialist and became the first American woman in space when she began a six-day mission aboard the space shuttle Challenger. The near-perfect mission was launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, and landed June 24, 1983, at Edwards Air Force Base, CA.
Celebrate one of the original fast foods! Not only is sushi delicious, its also an art form meant to be appreciated and worthy of celebration. Once a means of preserving fish in Southeast Asia, sushi has now become a popular dish and experience enjoyed by people of all ages at restaurants around the world. Everyone from sushi connoisseurs to sushi novices are invited to dine on their favorite sushi items or perhaps try something new!
After much debate in Congress between hawks such as Henry Clay and John Calhoun and doves such as John Randolph, Congress issued a declaration of war on Great Britain. The action was prompted primarily by Britains violation of Americas rights on the high seas and British incitement of Indian warfare on the frontier. War was seen by some as a way to acquire Florida and Canada. The hostilities ended with the signing of the Treatyof Ghent on Dec 24, 1814, at Ghent, Belgium.
A day to recognize juggling as a sport and entertainment form.
World Wide Knit In Public Day started in 2005 as a way for knitters to come together.
Recognition of the third Sunday in June as Fathers Day occurred first at the request of Mrs John B. Dodd of Spokane, WA, on June 19, 1910. It was proclaimed for that date by the mayor of Spokane and recognizedby the governor of Washington. The idea was publicly supported by President Calvin Coolidge in 1924, but not presidentially proclaimed until 1966. It was assured of annual recognition by PL 92 278 of April 1972.
On June 19, 1865, Union General Granger informed slaves in Texas of their freedom. Juneteenth is a major celebration of African-Americanculture and heritage in the United States.
June 19, 1903. Baseball great Henry Louis Gehrig (lifetime batting average of. 341), who played in seven World Series, was born at New York, NY, and died there June 2, 1941, from the degenerative muscle disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which has become known as Lou Gehrigs disease.
June 19, 1953. Anniversary of the electrocution of the only married couple ever executed together in the US. Julius (35) and Ethel (37) Rosenberg were executed for espionage at Sing Sing Prison, Ossining, NY. Time for the execution was advanced several hours to avoid conflict with theJewish sabbath. Their conviction has been a subject of controversy over the years.
World Sauntering Day – A day to revive the lost art of Victorian sauntering and to discourage jogging, lollygagging, sashaying, fast walking and trotting.
With its tagline Dont go in the water and its ominous cello music, the Steven Spielbergdirected thriller shocked audiences on this date. Adapted from a Peter Benchley bestseller, Jaws showed a great white shark preying on the beachgoers of a New England town. It won three Oscars best editing, best sound and best original score (by John Williams) and was a blockbuster success.
On June 20, 1863, West Virginia became the 35th state in the Union, after splitting from Virginia.
June 20, 1948. The Ed Sullivan Show was officially titled Toast of the Town until 1955. It was the longest-running variety show (through 1971) and the most popular for decades. Sullivan, the host, signed all types of acts, both well-known and new, trying to have something to please everyone. Thousands of performers appeared, many making their television debut, such as Irving Berlin, Victor Borge, Hedy Lamarr, Walt Disney, Fred Astaire and Jane Powell. Two acts attracted the largest audience ofthe time: Elvis Presley and The Beatles.
On June 20, 1895, Caroline Willard Baldwin earned the first doctor of science degree at Cornell University.
In the Northern Hemisphere summer begins today with the summer solstice, at 6:34 PM, EDT. Note that in the Southern Hemisphere today is the beginning of winter. Anywhere between the equator and the Arctic Circle, the sun rises and sets farthest north on the horizon for the year and length of daylight is maximum (12 hours, 8 minutes at equator, increasing to 24 hours at the Arctic Circle).
The United Nations has set aside June 20th as World Refugee Dayto bring attention to the plight of refugees of war and famine around the world.
June 21 26, 1972. Hurricane Agnes hit the eastern seaboard wreaking havoc across seven Atlantic Coast states. Casualties included 118 lives and 116,000 homes, leaving more than 200,000 homeless after Agnes dumped 28.1 trillion gallons of water over 5,000 square miles.
June 22, 1940. WWIIs Battle of France, which began May 12 with German forces crossing into the nation at Sedan and the Meuse River, reached its conclusion with France surrendering. Previously, the British Expeditionary Force had evaculated via Dunkirk on May 27 to June 4, and Parishad been declared an open city on June 13. On June 22, France and Germanysigned a second armistice agreement at the Compigne Forest the same location as the 1918 armistice of WWI. Adolf Hitler made a point of signing the1940 compact in the same railway carriage as the 1918 document.
Anniversary of the Joe Lewis v. Max Schmeling World HeavyweightChampionship on June 22, 1938, when Lewis won the title and held on to it until his retirement in 1949.
On June 22, 1941, German forces invaded the Soviet Union and began a conflict which left 27 million Soviets dead.
June 23, 1912. British mathematician, logician and cryptographer, recognized as the father of modern computer science and artificial intelligence.
Born at London, England, Alan Mathison Turing conceived in 1936 the Turing Machine, an abstract information-processing mathematical model that foreshadowed digital computers. During WWII, he was a member of the top-secret code-breaking team at England’s Bletchley Park. The decoding team saved incalculable Allied lives. Turing was made a member of the Order of the British Empire for his wartime service. In 1945, Turing designed the Automatic Computing Enginewhat would have been the first digital computer had it been built. In the 1950s, Turing devised the Turing Test that would determine the success of an artificial intelligence machine (of whether it was thinking).
Turing was stripped of his government security clearance after being convicted in 1952 for gross indecency Turing was openly gay and homosexuality was a crime in England. He committed suicide June 7,1954, at Wilmslow, England.
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