June 12, 1987. US President Ronald Reagan, standing at the Brandenburg Gate and the Berlin Wall, gave one of the most powerful speechesof his career when he challenged Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to give liberalization in the Eastern Bloc more than lip service: General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr Gorbachev, tear down this wall! The speech was audible to East Berliners, but East German police made a gathering crowd at the wall disperse. The State Department had sought to make thespeech more conciliatory, but Reagan and his speechwriter, Peter Robinson, refused. The wall was finally opened in 1989.
June 12, 1929. Born at Frankfurt, Germany. Anne Franks family moved to Amsterdam to escape the Nazis, but after Holland was invaded byGermany, they had to go into hiding. In 1942 Anne began to keep a diary. She died at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945. After the war, her father published her diary, on which a stage play and movie were later based.
June 12, 1967. The US Supreme Court decision in Loving v Virginia swept away all 16 remaining state laws prohibiting interracial marriages.
Native Americans and early European settlers needed to store food for long periods of time; explorers of the West sought highly portable, satiating foods that required no refrigeration. Today, there are hundreds of differentjerky offerings. Meat snacks are the fourth-largest-grossing sector withinthe overall salty-snack category. Quality beef jerky is actually very leanand is naturally high in protein and low in fat, making it a better snackchoice. Sponsored by the Wisconsin Beef Council.
National Peanut Butter Cookie Day celebrates an American favorite treat which became popular in the 1930s
June 13, 1884. The worlds first roller coaster opened on thisday in 1884 at Coney Island, Brooklyn, NY. Built and later patented by LaMarcus Thompson, the Gravity Pleasure Switchback Railway boasted two parallel 600-foot tracks that descended from 50 feet. The cars traveled at six miles per hour. Riders paid five cents each for their rides. The roller coaster was a sensation, and soon amusement parks all over the US and the world featured them.
June 13, 1963. Civil rights leader Medgar Wiley Evers was active in seeking integration of schools and voter registration. He was assassinated by Byron de la Beckwith. The public outrage following his death was one of the factors that led President John F. Kennedy to propose a comprehensive civil rights law.
June 13, 1966. The US Supreme Court rendered a 5-4 decision inthe case of Miranda v Arizona, holding that the Fifth Amendment of the Constitution required warnings before valid statements could be taken by police. The decision has been described as providing basic legal protectionsto persons who might otherwise not be aware of their rights. Ernesto Miranda, the 23-year-old whose name became nationally known, was retried after the Miranda Decision, convicted and sent back to prison. Miranda was stabbed to death in a card game dispute at Phoenix, AZ, in 1976. A suspect in the killing was released by police after he had been read his Miranda rights. Police procedures now routinely require the reading of a prisoners constitutional (Miranda) rights before questioning.
A holiday in Australia (except for Western Australia), Belize, Cayman Islands, Fiji and Papua New Guinea on the second Monday in June. (In New Zealand and Tuvalu it is commemorated on the first Monday in June.)Celebrating Queen Elizabeth IIs official birthday, not the day she wasactually born (which is Apr 21).
Every summer, family reunions are so busy with games and activities that most of us forget the true purpose: to share the folklore, legends and myths that bind us together. Each participant should share at leastone good recollection (fact or fiction). Dont forget the hot dogs and lemonade.
Since 1916, June 14th has been designated as a day to honor the US flag. On June 14, 1777, John Adams introduced a resolution before the Continental Congress in Philadelphia outlining the format of the flag forthe United States.
June 14, 1904. Margaret Bourke was born at New York City. One of the original photojournalists, she developed her personal style while photographing the Krupp Iron Works in Germany and the Soviet Union during the first Five-Year Plan. Bourke-White was one of the four original staff photographers for Life magazine in 1936. The first woman attached to the US armed forces during WWII, she covered the Italian campaign, siege of Moscowand American soldiers crossing of the Rhine into Germany, and she shocked the world with her photographs of the concentration camps. Bourke-White photographed Mahatma Gandhi and covered the migration of millions of people after the Indian subcontinent was divided into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan. She served as a war correspondent during the Korean War. Among her several books, the most famous was her collaboration with her second husband, novelist Erskine Caldwell, a study of rural poverty in the American South called You Have Seen Their Faces. She died Aug 27, 1971, at Stamford, CT.
Celebrate America’s native spirit on Bourbon Day.
On June 14, 1775, the United States Army was established by resolution of the Continental Congress.
June 15, 1969. Hee Haw has been described as a country-western version of Laugh-In, composed of fast-paced sketches, silly jokes and songs. Though critics didnt like it, it had popular appeal and did wellas a syndicated show. It was cohosted by Buck Owens and Roy Clark, alternating with guest hosts. Regular performers included Louis M. Grandpa Jones, Junior Samples, Jeannine Riley, Lulu Roman, David Stringbean Akeman, Sheb Wooley, Marianne Gordon, Minnie Pearl and Gordie Tapp.
Arkansas was admitted as the 25th state in the Union on June 15, 1836.
Anniversary of King Johns sealing, in 1215, of the Magna Carta in the meadow called Ronimed between Windsor and Staines on the fifteenth day of June in the seventeenth year of our reign. This document is regarded as the first charter of English liberties and one of the most important documents in the history of political and human freedom. Four original copies of the 1215 charter survive.
On June 15, 1924, the US Congress passed legislation recognizing the citizenship of Native Americans.
Millions of filmgoers (and star Janet Leigh) avoided the showerafter this thrillers debut in 1960. Alfred Hitchcocks shocker, punctuated by shrieking violins and sudden knife attacks, juxtaposed the old-time horror of the dark gothic mansion with a new locus of fear: the isolated postwar roadside motel. Psycho led the way to the slasher films of the 1970s and later. Anthony Perkins starred as motel proprietor and bird lover Norman Bates.
June 16, 1904. Anniversary of events in Dublin recorded in James Joyces Ulysses, whose central character is Leopold Bloom.
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place near Boston on June 17, 1775.
the ballets The Firebird,Petrushka and The Rite of Spring; the choral work Symphony of Psalms; and Abraham and Isaac, A Sacred Ballet. Died at New York, NY, Apr 6, 1971.
On June 17, 1972, the arrests at the Democratic Party Headquarters in the Watergate Building in Washington, DC, took place.
June 18, 1815. Date of the decisive defeat of Emperor Napoleonand his army of 74,000 soldiers by a combined Anglo-Allied (68,000 troops) and Prussian army (70,000 troops) led by the Duke of Wellington and Marshal Blcher. The bloody battle in a gentle valley near Waterloo a municipality then annexed to the French Republic, now part of French-speaking Belgium ended the French First Empire and the career of Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the greatest commanders and statesmen in history, and ushered in half a century of international peace and stability in Europe.
June 18, 1983. Dr. Sally Ride, 32-year-old physicist and pilot, functioned as a mission specialist and became the first American woman in space when she began a six-day mission aboard the space shuttle Challenger. The near-perfect mission was launched from Cape Canaveral, FL, and landed June 24, 1983, at Edwards Air Force Base, CA.