Oct 11. Ada Lovelace Day – An international day celebrating theachievements of women in science, technology, engineering and math with a flagship event held in London and grassroots events around the world. Women in tech and science tend to be less well known than their male counterparts despite their valuable contributions. The aim of Ada Lovelace Day is tocreate new female role models that inspire girls and women alike. Named inhonor of Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (1815 52), who is considered the first computer programmer and was a close friend Charles Babbage, who conceived a general purpose computing machine called the Analytical Engine. Annually, the second Tuesday in October.
Oct 11, 1884. Wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd president of the US, born at New York, NY. Eleanor Roosevelt led an active and independent life and was the first wife of a president to give her own news conference in the White House (1933). Widely known throughout the world, she was affectionately called the first lady of the world. She served as US delegate to the United Nations General Assembly for a number of years before her death at New York, NY, Nov 7, 1962. A prolific writer, she wrote in This Is My Story, No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.
Oct 11. A project of the Human Rights Campaign since 1988. Every Oct 11, thousands of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals and their supportive allies celebrate National Coming Out Day, which encourages LGBT individuals to come out and be honest about themselves.Every year, workshops, speak-outs, rallies and other kinds of events are held all aimed at showing the public that LGBT people are everywhere.
Oct 11, 1975. Originally titled NBCs Saturday Night, this live show features skits, commercial parodies and news satires, with a different guest host and musical guest performing weekly. Its first guest host was comedian George Carlin. Notable cast members have included Chevy Chase, Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, Gilda Radner, Bill Murray, Joe Piscopo, Eddie Murphy, Billy Crystal, Martin Short, Christopher Guest, Harry Shearer, Joan Cusack, Robert Downey, Jr, Nora Dunn, Jon Lovitz, Dana Carvey, Phil Hartman, Jan Hooks, Dennis Miller, Chris Farley, Mike Myers, Adam Sandler, Will Ferrell, Molly Shannon, Tina Fey and Amy Poehler.
Oct 11. Join the Southern Food and Beverage Museum in celebrating Southern foods and drinks! Southern Food Heritage Day is the official day to pull out your cast iron pans and start up the smoker to enjoy your favorite Southern dishes, from cornbread to BBQ, from hoppin john to shrimpand grits.
Oct 11, 1962. The 21st ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church was convened by Pope John XXIII. It met in four annual sessions, concluding Dec 8, 1965. It dealt with the renewal of the Church and introduced sweeping changes, such as the use of the vernacular rather than Latinin the Mass.
Dia De La Raza commemorates the discovery of America and the cultural heritage of Spanish and Indigineous peoples in the New World.
Oct 12. Yom Kippur – Holiest Jewish observance. A day for fasting, repentance and seeking forgiveness. Hebrew calendar date: Tishri 10, 5777. Began at sundown on Oct 11.
Oct 13. King of England, 1042 66, Edward was the son of King Ethelred the Unready. Born at Islip, England, in 1003, he died Jan 5, 1066, at London. On Oct 13, 1163, his remains were transported in a ceremony that was of national interest. Since then Oct 13 has been observed as his principal feast day.
Oct 13. Since 1972 a navywide celebration (for members of the active forces and reserves, as well as retirees and dependents) recognizingthe authorization of the Continental Navy on this date in 1775. The celebration is meant to enhance a greater appreciation of [the] Navy heritage and to provide a positive influence toward pride and professionalism in the naval service.
Oct 13, 1792. The presidential residence at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC, designed by James Hoban, observes its birthday Oct 13. The cornerstone was laid; the first presidential family to occupy the building was that of John Adams, in November 1800. With three stories and more than 100 rooms, the White House is the oldest building at Washington. First described as the presidential palace, it acquired the nameWhite House about 10 years after construction was completed. Burned by British troops in 1814, it was reconstructed, refurbished and reoccupied by 1817.
Oct 14, 1066. Battle of Hastings: The Anglo-Saxon age came to an end with the death of King Harold Godwinson and the defeat of English forces by Norman invaders at Hastings on this day. William, Duke of Normandy, led the daring invasion and was crowned King of England on Dec 25, 1066.
Oct 14. Be Bald and Be Free Day. For those who are bald and whoeither do wear or do not wear a wig or toupee, this is the day to go shiny and be proud.
Oct 14, 1644. William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, born atLondon, England. Penn died July 30, 1718, at Buckinghamshire, England.Presidential Proclamation 5284 of Nov 28, 1984, conferred honorary US citizenship on William Penn and his second wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn. They were the third and fourth persons to receive honorary US citizenship (following Winston Churchill and Raoul Wallenberg).
Oct 15, 1783. Jean Franois Pilatre de Rozier and Franois Laurent, Marquis dArlandes, became the first people to fly when they ascended in a Montgolfier hot-air balloon at Paris, France, less than three months after the first public balloon flight demonstration (June 5, 1783), and only a year after the first experiments with small paper and fabric balloons by the Montgolfier brothers, Joseph and Jacques, in November 1782. The first manned free flight lasted about 4 minutes and carried the passengers at a height of about 84 feet. On Nov 21, 1783, they soared 3,000 feetover Paris for 25 minutes.
Oct 15, 1951. The enormously popular sitcom, I Love Lucy was TVs first smash hit, and starred the real-life husband-and-wife team of Cuban actor/ bandleader Desi Arnaz and talented redheaded actress/ comedienne Lucille Ball. They played Ricky and Lucy Ricardo, a New York bandleader and his aspiring actress/ homemaker wife who was always scheming to get on stage. Costarring were William Frawley and Vivian Vance as Fred and Ethel Mertz, the Ricardos landlords and good friends, who participated in the escapades and dealt with the consequences of Lucys often well-intentioned plans. Famous actors guest-starred on the show, including Harpo Marx, RockHudson, William Holden, Hedda Hopper and John Wayne. This was the first sitcom to be filmed live before a studio audience, and it did extremely well in the ratings both the first time around and in reruns. The last telecast ran Sept 24, 1961.
Oct 15. A day for everyone to celebrate and practice cake decorating. It is easy to create cakes with color, sweetness and fun. With the right tools, instruction and inspiration, anyone can achieve amazing results in cake decorating and sweet treat making.
Oct 15. Honor a grouch; all grouches deserve a day to be recognized. Created for and inspired by Alan Miller, retired teacher and Chairman of the Board, NAG (National Association of Grouches).
Oct 15. Around 1922, a candy company employee named Herbert Birch Kingston decided that it would be a wonderful thing to distribute candyto the sick, shut-ins and orphans of Cleveland, OH. Thus, Sweetest Day was born. Do something nice for someone today, something that will make him or her say, Oh, thats so sweet! Annually, the third Saturday in October.
Oct 16, 1868. Salt Lake City, UT. Americas first department store, ZCMI (Zions Co-Operative Mercantile Institution), is still operating at Salt Lake City (although under a new name and new ownership). It was founded under the direction of Brigham Young.
Noah Webster’s birthday on 16 October marks Dictionary Day, a day to encourage use of dictionaries on a daily basis.
Oct 16, 1859. White abolitionist John Brown, with a band of about 20 men, seized the US Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, WV. Brown was captured and the insurrection put down by Oct 19. Brown was hanged at Charles Town, WV, Dec 2, 1859.
National Friends of Libraries Week, created by the Associationof Library Trustees, Advocates, Friends and Foundations sponsors this week of creative library promotion and support.
The United Nations marks World Food Day as a day to raise public awareness of hunger and world food problems.
Oct 17, 1966. Hollywood Squares Debut on Television. On this game show, nine celebrities sat in a giant grid. Two contestants played tic-tac-toe by determining if an answer given by a celebrity was correct. Peter Marshall hosted the show for many years with panelists Paul Lynde, Rose Marie, Cliff Arquette, Wally Cox, John Davidson and George Gobel, amongothers. John Davidson took over as host in 1986 for a new version of the game show with Joan Rivers and, later, Shadoe Stevens at center square. In1998 Hollywood Squares appeared again with Tom Bergeron as host and Whoopi Goldberg as the center square.