The Navajo Nation Council has established Aug 14 of each year as a tribal holiday recognizing and honoring the distinguished record of the Code Talkers during WWII. The Code Talkers transmitted military messages in the Navajo language during the war, and Axis powers were unable to break the code.
On 14 August 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act to administer old age and survivor insurance benefits.
Aug 14, 1945. Anniversary of President Harry Trumans announcement that Japan had surrendered to the Allies, setting off celebrations across the US. Official ratification of surrender occurred aboard the USS Missouri at Tokyo Bay, Sept 2
The Assumption of the Virgin is a major holiday in Greek and Roman Catholic churches to mark the Virgin Mary’s ascent to heaven. A holiday in many countries.
Aug 15. Celebrate this special day by doing something fun with your best friend. Go shopping, go to the movies, go to a park or restaurant, play a game or just hang out and be together.
Aug 15, 1887. Edna Ferber was born at Kalamazoo, MI. She wrote her first novel, Dawn OHara, in 1911 and became a prolific writer, producing many popular magazine stories. Her novel So Big brought her commercial success in 1924 as well as a Pulitzer Prize. Her other novels include Show Boat, Cimarron, Saratoga Trunk, Giant and Ice Palace, all of which were made into successful films. Ferber collaborated with George Kaufman inwriting for the stage on The Royal Family, Dinner at Eight, Stage Door and Bravo. Ferber died at New York, NY, Apr 16, 1968.
Aug 15, 1912. Americas beloved food authority, who didnt take a cooking lesson until she was in her 30s, was born at Pasadena, CA. Childs cookbooks and television shows (most famously, The French Chef) encouraged Americans to cook and eat well and to be skeptical of food fads and diet strictures. Cooking is not a chore; it is a joy, Child believed. She died at Santa Barbara, CA, Aug 13, 2004.
Aug 15, 1914. After 10 years of construction and much multination diplomacy, the Panama Canal opened for operation. A self-propelled crane boat made the first passage through the canal, a 50-mile waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, on Jan 7, 1914. The first ocean steamer, the SS Ancon, passed through Aug 3, 1914, and the canal officially opened Aug 15, 1914.
The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened at Bethel, New York on15 August 1969 and was attended by over 400,000 people.
Aug 16, 1977. One of Americas most popular singers, Elvis Presley was pronounced dead at the Memphis Baptist Hospital at 3: 30 PM, Aug16, 1977, at age 42. The anniversary of his death is an occasion for pilgrimages by admirers to Graceland, his home and gravesite, at Memphis, TN.
Aug 16, 1896. According to the oral tradition of the Tagish First Nations People, Skookum Jim, Dawson Charlie and George Carmack found gold in Rabbit Creek, a tributary of the Klondike River, lying thick between the flaky slabs like cheese sandwiches. This event, which led to thegreat Klondike Gold Rush, is celebrated in the Yukon each year with a public holiday, Discovery Day, observed on the nearest Monday.
On Aug 16, 1878, Richard Knudsen and J.G. Taylor received a US patent for the first wooden roller coaster. The device consisted of two adjacent railway tracks that ran between two towers carrying four-passenger cars: the force of gravity would pull the cars down gently sloping hills. The cars were then hauled upward and into the opposite tower for the return trip. Several years later, a gentleman by the name of LaMarcus Thompson was credited for actually building the first authentic ride of this type at Coney Island, NY. This was the start of something big, and what would eventually become the king of thrill rides that millions of thrill seekers know today. Every Aug 16, enthusiasts share their love for the roller coaster at amusement parks everywhere. May the force of gravity be with you!
Aug 17, 1786. American frontiersman, bear hunter, soldier and politician, born at Greene County, TN. After losing a reelection bid torepresent Tennessee in Congress, Crockett moved to the colony of Texas and joined the settlers effort to gain independence from Mexico. He died during the final heroic defense of the Alamo on Mar 6, 1836, at San Antonio, TX. The larger-than-life figure once boasted: I can run faster, walk longer, leap higher, speak better and tell more and bigger lies.
Aug 17, 1807. Robert Fulton began the first American steamboattrip between Albany and New York, NY, on a boat later called the Clermont. After years of promoting submarine warfare, Fulton engaged in a partnership with Robert R. Livingston, the US minister to France, allowing Fulton to design and construct a steamboat. His first success came in August 1803 when he launched a steam-powered vessel on the Seine. That same year the US Congress granted Livingston and Fulton exclusive rights to operate steamboats on New York waters during the next 20 years. The first Albany New York trip took 32 hours to travel the 150-mile course. Although his efforts were labeled Fultons Folly by his detractors, his success allowed the partnership to begin commercial service the next year, Sept 4, 1808.
Aug 17, 1893 (some sources say 1892). The stage and screen siren, famous for her naughty wisecracks, was born Mary Jane West at Brooklyn, NY. She acted in vaudeville from age five and made her Hollywood debut in 1932. Unique among stars in that she wrote her own plays and film scripts mostly concerning the joys of men and sex. Her Broadway play Sex resulted in her conviction for public obscenity in 1927 and she served time for eight days. Master of the risqu bon mot, West said in Im No Angel (1933),When Im good, Im very, very good, but when Im bad, Im better. She died Nov 22, 1980, at Los Angeles, CA.
Women received the right to vote on 18 August 1920 when the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified.
Aug 18, 1872. The first mail-order catalog was published by Montgomery Ward. It was only a single sheet of paper. By 1904 the Montgomery Ward catalog weighed four pounds. In 1985 Montgomery Ward closed its catalog operation; in 2000 it announced the closing of its retail stores.
Aug 18. Serendipity is the faculty of making valuable and wonderful discoveries not sought for. This faculty is within us and this annual day encourages everyone to bring more serendipity into their lives and the lives of others. Make the world a happier place one person at a time.
Aug 18, 1587. (Old Style date.) Virginia Dare, the first child of English parents to be born in the New World, was born to Ellinor and Ananias Dare, at Roanoke Island, NC, on this date. When a ship arrived to replenish their supplies in 1591, the settlers (including Virginia Dare)had vanished without leaving a trace of the settlement.
Aug 19, 1893. Frank J. Wisner, owner of Cripple Creek Brewing, served the first root beer float in Cripple Creek, CO. Inspired by the moonlit view of snowcapped Cow Mountain, he added a scoop of ice cream to his Myers Avenue Red root beer and began serving it as the Black Cow Mountain. Kids loved it and shortened the name to Black Cow. Cripple Creek Brewing still sells beverages based on the original formulas.
using mens clothing (pants) for womens wear; creating simple, comfortable clothing that was nonetheless elegant; making dramatic use of costume jewelry (especially ropes of pearls);and popularizing the little black dress and sportswear. She was the first couturier to put her name on a signature perfume: Chanel No. 5 (created in 1921, it was an immediate sensation and today sells every 30 seconds around the world). After closing her shop with the outbreak of WWII, Chanel reopened it in 1954 and introduced her signature suit of collarless, bias-trimmed jacket with skirt. Elegance does not consist in putting on a new dress, she once stated. The fashion icon died on Jan 10, 1971, at Paris,France.
Aug 19, 1921. The creator of the popular TV series Star Trek, Gene Roddenberry was born at El Paso, TX. Turning from his first careeras an airline pilot to writing, he created one of the most successful TV science fiction series ever. The original series, which ended its run in 1969, lives on in reruns and led to other popular spin-off series. Numerousfilms also have been spawned from the original concept. Roddenberry died Oct 24, 1991, at Santa Monica, CA.
Aug 19. Presidential Proclamation 2343, of July 25, 1939, covers all succeeding years. Always Aug 19 of each year since 1939. Observed annually on birth anniversary of Orville Wright, who piloted first self-powered flight in history, Dec 17, 1903. First proclaimed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
National Radio Day is a time to honor one of the most longstanding electronic media and its role in our everyday lives. Radio delivers information, news, entertainment and company to millions of Americans every hour of every day. Although there is not one authoritative source on the history of National Radio Day, it has been celebrated since the early 1990son August 20. Perhaps it was decided that August 20 would be an appropriate day because 8MK (now WWJ) in Detroit, first broadcast on August 20, 1920.
St. Stephen’s Day is a national holiday in Hungary and commemorates the canonization of the founder of Hungary.