Calendar

Jul
2
Sat
Amelia Earhart Disappears – Anniversary
Jul 2 all-day

July 2, 1937. In 1937 aviatrix Amelia Earhart planned an around-the-world trip via the equatorial route that would be the longest ever made. Having completed 22,000 miles of her journey, Earhart, accompanied by navigator Fred Noonan, took off on this date from Lae, New Guinea, for the final 7,000 miles over the Pacific. About 800 miles into their flight to tiny Howland Island, radio contact was lost with her craft. Despite a massive search by the US Navy and US Coast Guard, Earhart, Noonan and their plane were never found.

Image: Public Domain, located via Wikipedia.org

Civil Rights Act of 1964 – Anniversary
Jul 2 all-day

July 2, 1964. President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race in public accommodations, in publicly owned or operated facilities, in employment and union membership and in the registration of voters.

The bill included Title VI, which allowed for the cutoff of federal funding in areas where discrimination persisted.

Image Courtesy of Pixabay.com user WikiImages

President Garfield Shot – Anniversary
Jul 2 all-day

July 2, 1881. U.S. President James A. Garfield was shot as he entered the railway station at Washington, DC.

He died Sept 19, 1881, never having recovered from the wound. The assassin, Charles J. Guiteau, was hanged June 30, 1882.

Image Credit: Public Domain, by A. Berghaus and C. Upham, published in Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper.  Image obtained from the Images of American Political History website;

St. Louis Race Riots – Anniversary
Jul 2 all-day

July 2, 1917. Between 20 and 75 blacks were killed in a race riot in St. Louis, Missouri, USA and hundreds more were injured. To protest this violence against blacks, W.E.B. DuBois and James Weldon Johnson of the NAACP led a silent march down Fifth Avenue at New York City.

Image from University of Massachusetts-Amherst Libraries, Public Domain, Located via stlpublicradio.org

Tour de France starts
Jul 2 all-day

Tour De FranceJuly 2 – 24.  The Tour de France is one of the great sporting events in the world. Cyclings best compete for more than 3,500 kilometers in 21 stages in the country of France. Stages are flat-terrain races, mountain races and time trials. Since 1903, the last stage of the race will arrive in Paris on the Champs Elysees.

Image Courtesy of Pixabay.com user stokpic.

Jul
3
Sun
Dog Days of Summer begin
Jul 3 all-day

dog days of summer Hottest days of the year in Northern Hemisphere. Usually about 40 days, but variously reckoned at 30- 54 days. Popularly believed to be an evil time when the sea boiled, wine turned sour, dogs grew mad, and all creatures became languid, causing to man burning fevers, hysterics and phrensies (from Bradys Clavis Calendarium, 1813).

Originally the days when Sirius, the Dog Star, rose just before or at about the same time as sunrise (no longer true owing to precession of the equinoxes). Ancients sacrificed a brown dog at the beginning of Dog Days to appease the rage of Sirius, believing that star was the cause of the hot, sultry weather.

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com, CC0.

Quebec founded – Anniversary
Jul 3 all-day

July 3, 1608. French explorer Samuel de Champlain founded a settlement called Quebec, from the Algonquin word kbec, meaning where the river narrows. Quebec City is thus one of the oldest settlements of European origin in North America.

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com, CC0.

Jul
4
Mon
Ann Landers / Dear Abby Birthday – Anniversary
Jul 4 all-day

Ann Landers July 4, 1918. Born Esther Pauline Friedman at Sioux City, IA, the advice columnist was beloved worldwide. In 1955 she won a contest to be the new Ann Landers columnist for the Chicago Sun-Times. For 47 years, with spunky yet compassionate replies that were a refreshing change from prior columnists styles, she helped everyday people overcome their problems. A trademark admonishment was 40 lashes with a wet noodle. (Her twin sister, Pauline Friedman, followed in her footsteps with a Dear Abby column.)

By 2002 her column was carried in more than 1,200 newspapers worldwide and had a readership of 30 million. She died June 22, 2002, at Chicago, IL.

Image:Public domain, rights transferred to Library of Congress through Instrument of Gift.”

Declaration of Independence approved and signed – Anniversary
Jul 4 all-day

Declaration of IndependenceJuly 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence was approved by the Continental Congress: Signed by Order and in Behalf of the Congress, John Hancock, President, Attest, Charles Thomson, Secretary. The official signing occurred Aug 2, 1776. The manuscript journals of the Congress for that date state: The declaration of independence being engrossed and compared at the table was signed by the members.

Image: Public Domain

Lou Gehrig Day – Anniversary
Jul 4 all-day

July 4, 1939. After retiring from baseball, Lou Gehrig returned to the New York Yankees for Lou Gehrig Day. In his famous farewell speech he said, “Today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth.”

Rube Goldberg’s Birthday – Anniversary
Jul 4 all-day

Rube Goldberg's Self-operating napkingJuly 4, 1883. The cartoonist with an engineering degree who put his education to work inventing elaborate machines with involved steps to accomplish ludicrously simple tasks. He is best remembered for the creative inventions of his cartoon character Lucifer Gorgonzola Butts. Born at San Francisco, CA, Goldberg died Dec 7, 1970, at New York City.

Image: By Originally published in Collier’s, September 26 1931, Public Domain, via https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9886955

Tuskegee Institute Opens – Anniversary
Jul 4 all-day

July 4, 1881. Booker T. Washington’s famed agricultural-industrial institution was built from the ground up by dedicated students seeking academic and vocational training. The institute started in a shanty before Washington purchased an abandoned plantation at Tuskegee, Alabama, USA. The students built the dormitories, classrooms and chapel from bricks out of their own kiln.

Image: Public Domain, located via wikipedia.org.

Jul
5
Tue
Bikini debuts – 70th Anniversary
Jul 5 all-day

July 5, 1946. The bikini, the skimpy two-piece bathing suit created by Louis Reard debuted at a fashion show in Paris, France. It was named after an atoll in the Pacific where the hydrogen bomb was first tested.

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com, CC0.

PT Barnum’s Birthday – Anniversary
Jul 5 all-day

July 5, 1810. Promoter of the bizarre and unusual. Barnum’s American Museum opened in 1842, promoting unusual acts including the Feejee Mermaid, Chang and Eng (the original Siamese twins) and General Tom Thumb.In 1850 he began his promotion of Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale,and parlayed her singing talents into a major financial success.

In 1871 The Greatest Show on Earth opened at Brooklyn, NY; Barnum merged with his rival J.A. Bailey in 1881 to form the Barnum and Bailey Circus. P.T.

Barnum was born at Bethel, CT, and died at Bridgeport, CT, Apr 7, 1891.

 

Image: Harvard Library, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47588191

Jul
6
Wed
Frida Kahlo’s birthday – Anniversary
Jul 6 all-day

July 6, 1907. The great surrealist painter was born Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo Caldern at Coyoacn, Mexico. In 1925 she endured severe injuries in a bus accident that would plague her for the rest of her life (and become artistic subject matter). She turned to art at about this time, encouraged by the master muralist Diego Rivera, whom she married in 1929 (and 1941).

She is known almost as much for her tumultuous life (she had an affair with Soviet exile Leon Trotsky and was active in leftist politics) as for her vibrant art works filled with symbols and the flora and fauna of her beloved Mexico. She was one of the first women painters to sell a work to the Louvre. She died at her Casa Azul family home in Coyoacn on July13, 1954.

Image Credit: Martinica.ferrara, CC by-SA 4.0

Jul
7
Thu
Running of the Bulls
Jul 7 all-day

July 7 14. Pamplona, Spain

Event made famous by Hemingway in his novel The Sun Also Rises, in which young men dressed in white with red scarves run through the streets of Pamplona, chased by bulls from the bullring. Part of the festival of San Fermin.

Photo Credit: English: The Running of the Bulls in Pamplona, Spain, uploaded to Wikipedia.org from sxc.hu.

Jul
8
Fri
Calgary Stampede
Jul 8 all-day

July 8-17. Calgary, AB, Canada:  The “Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth,” celebrated since 1912.

The Calgary Stampede is made up of sights, sounds, tastes and feelings that create a lifetime of memories. More than a century of tradition is distilled into 10 days of music, food, excitement, education, friendship and community. Includes the worlds richest tournament-style rodeo, Rangeland Derby, Grandstand Show, Stampede Parade, Heavy Horse Show,World Championship Blacksmiths Competition, North American Sheep Shearing Challenge, carnival, food and much more.

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com user werner22brigitte

Jul
9
Sat
14th Amendment to the US Constitution Ratified – Anniversary
Jul 9 all-day

Coat of Arms of the United States July 9, 1868. The 14th Amendment defined US citizenship and provided that no state shall have the right to abridge the rights of any citizen without due process and equal protection under the law.

Coming three years after the Civil War, the 14th Amendment also included provisions for barring individuals who assisted in any rebellion or insurrection against the US from holding public office, and releasing federal and state governments from any financial liability incurred in the assistance of rebellion or insurrection against the US.

Image: Greater Coat of Arms of the United States, Public Domain.

Elias Howe’s Birthday – Anniversary
Jul 9 all-day

Sewing machine Elias Howe, the inventor of the sewing machine, was born at Spencer, Massachusetts, on July 9, 1819.

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com

First Open Heart Surgery – Anniversary
Jul 9 all-day

July 9, 1893. In Provident Hospital on the South Side of Chicago, IL, black surgeon Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performed the first successful open-heart surgery.

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com, CC0.

Jul
10
Sun
John Calvin’s Birthday – Anniversary
Jul 10 all-day

John Calvin Theologian and founder of the Presbyterian faith was born on July 10, 1509 at Noyon, France.

Image Credit, Public domain, courtesy of Calvin College via Wikimedia Commons.

Telstar launched – Anniversary
Jul 10 all-day

July 10, 1962. First privately owned satellite (American Telephone and Telegraph Company) and first satellite to relay live TV pictures across the Atlantic was launched.

Image courtesy of NASA.gov

Jul
11
Mon
‘To Kill A Mockingbird’ Published – Anniversary
Jul 11 all-day

To kill a mocking bird July 11, 1960. Harper Lees evocative novel of tomboy Scout Finch coming of age in a Depression-era Alabama town was published this day by J.B. Lippincott. A bestseller almost immediately, it earned Lee a Pulitzer Prize on May 1, 1961. Librarians voted it the best novel of the 20th century.

Image by Laura Hedgecock, CC0.

Bowdler’s Day
Jul 11 all-day

 Bowdler’s Day is a day to remember the prudish medical doctor, Thomas Bowdler, born near Bath, England, on July 11, 1754. He gave up the practice of medicine and undertook the cleansing of the works of Shakespeare by removing all the words and expressions he considered to be indecent or impious. His Family Shakespeare, in 10 volumes, omitted all those words that cannot with propriety be read aloud in a family.

He also purified Edward Gibbon’s History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire and selections from the Old Testament. His name became synonymous with self-righteous expurgation, and the word bowdlerize has become part of the English language. Bowdler died at Rhyddings, in South Wales, Feb 24, 1825.

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com, CC0.

Burr-Hamilton Duel – Anniversary
Jul 11 all-day

July 11, 1804. US vice president Aaron Burr shot and mortally wounded former secretary of the treasury (and primary author of The Federalist papers) Alexander Hamilton in a duel at Weehawken, New Jersey  on this date. Hamilton had insulted Burr and refused to make a public apology. Hamilton died the next day.

Although Burr returned to Washington, DC, to execute his duties as vice president, the duel ended his political career.

Image from a painting by J. Mund. – Lord, John, LL.D. (1902). Beacon Lights of History. Vol. XI, “American Founders.” Public Domain.

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