Dec 1, 1891. James Naismith was a teacher of physical education at the International YMCA Training School at Springfield, MA. To create an indoor sport that could be played during the winter months, he nailed up peach baskets at opposite ends of the gym and gave students soccer balls to toss into them. Thus was born the game of basketball.
Dec 1, 1941. The Director of Civilian Defense, former New York Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia, signed a formal order creating the Civil Air Patrol (CAP), a US Air Force Auxiliary. The CAP has a three-part mission: to provide an aerospace education program, a CAP cadet program and an emergency services program.
On the first day of each month, the genealogy community is urged to back up their genealogy data and all computer data.
Image courtesy of Pixabay.com, CC0.
Dec 1, 1955. Anniversary of the arrest of Rosa Parks, at Montgomery, AL, for refusing to give up her seat and move to the back of a municipal bus. Her arrest triggered a yearlong boycott of the city bus system and led to legal actions that ended racial segregation on municipal buses throughout the southern US. The event has been called the birth of the modern civil rights movement. Rosa McCauley Parks was born at Tuskegee, AL, Feb 4, 1913.
Image: Public Domain via wikipedia.org
In 1988, the World Health Organization designated the first of December as World AIDS Day, a day to remember those lost to the AIDS pandemic.
Dec 2, 1982. Barney C. Clark, 61, became the first recipient of a permanent artificial heart. The operation was performed at the University of Utah Medical Center at Salt Lake City. Near death at the time of the operation, Clark survived almost 112 days after the implantation. He died Mar 23, 1983.
Image courtesy of Pixabay.com user AndCan, CC0.
Dec 2, 1859. Abolitionist leader who is remembered for his raid on the US Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Brown was hanged for treason at Charles Town, WV.
Dec 2, 1923. Soprano born Maria Anna Sofia Cecilia Kalogeropoulos to Greek immigrant parents at New York, NY. One of the most prominent artists of the 20th century, La Divina led the postwar revival of bel canto operas. A dramatic persona on and off stage, Callas epitomized the diva in popular culture. To me, the art of music is magnificent, and I cannot bear to see it treated in a shabby way, she once stated. Callas died at Paris, France, Sept 16, 1977.
Dec 2, 1823. President James Monroe, in his annual message toCongress, enunciated the doctrine that bears his name and that was long hailed as a statement of US policy: In the wars of the European powers in matters relating to themselves we have never taken any part. . . . We shouldconsider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety.
Dec 2, 1901. American King Camp Gillette designed the first razor with disposable blades. Up until this time, men shaved with a straight-edge razor that they sharpened on a leather strap.
Dec 3, 1927. The embodiment of easy listening as both a genre and way of life, Andy Williams made a career out of smooth balladry and clean-cut entertainment. Born at Wall Lake, IA, Williams sang with his brothers the Williams Brothers before going it alone and issuing a string of hits in the 1960s. His signature song was the Henry Mancini Johnny Mercer composition Moon River. Williams also hosted a popular Emmy Award winning television variety show from 1962 to 1971, and was well known for his Christmas specials and holiday music showcases. Later in life, Williams had his own theater in the entertainment mecca of Branson, MO. He died thereSept 25, 2012.
Dec 3, 1984. At Bhopal, India, a leak of deadly gas (methyl isocyanate) at a Union Carbide Corp plant killed more than 4,000 persons and injured more than 200,000 in the worlds worst industrial accident.
Celebrated the first Saturday in December, Chester Greenwood Day honors the inventor of the ear muff!
Dec 3, 1967. Dr. Christiaan Barnard, a South African surgeon, performed the worlds first successful heart transplantation at Cape Town, South Africa.
On 3 December 1818, Illinois was admitted as the 21st state in the Union.
Dec 4, 1981. This nighttime serial was set in California wine country and originally focused on Angela Channing’s determined efforts to gain control of the Falcon Crest vineyard and winery; later in the nine-year run the emphasis turned to crime. Famous actors who were a part of the cast at one time or another include Jane Wyman, Lorenzo Lamas, Cliff Robertson, Lana Turner, Gina Lollobrigida, Parker Stevenson, Anne Archer, Apollonia, Cesar Romero, Morgan Fairchild, Ken Olin and Mary Ann Mobley. In the season finale, Angela received Falcon Crest and everyone was happy.
Dec 4. On this day, traditionally the feast day of St. Barbara, a young girl places a twig from a cherry tree in a glass of water. If it blooms by Christmas Eve, she is certain to marry the following year. Because the narratives of her life and martyrdom are legendary, St. Barbara was dropped from the Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints in 1970.
On 4 December 1786, the first organized agricultural movement, the National Grange, was founded.
Dec 5, 1933. Prohibition ended with the repeal of the 18th Amendment, as the 21st Amendment was ratified. Congress proposed repeal of the 18th Amendment ( the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors, within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof, for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.) Feb 20, 1933. By Dec 5, 1933, the repeal amendment had been ratified by the required 36 states and went into effect immediately as the 21st Amendment to the US Constitution.
Dec 5, 1955. The American Federation of Labor and the Congressof Industrial Organizations joined together in 1955, following 20 years of rivalry, to become the nations leading advocate for trade unions.
Dec 5, 1839. Born at New Rumley, OH, Custer was a cavalry officer in the US Civil War whose courage and leadership brought him admiration and fame. He later spent ten years on the Great Plains fighting in the Indian Wars and leading a successful Black Hills expedition in 1874 to find gold. During a campaign to move the Lakota Sioux onto reservations to make way for the gold rush, Custer attacked an encampment of Sioux and Cheyenneon June 25, 1876. Outnumbered, he and about 215 of his men were quickly killed at the Battle of Little Bighorn now considered one of the biggest military fiascoes in US history.
Dec 5, 1955. Rosa Parks was arrested at Montgomery, AL, for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. In support of Parks,and to protest the arrest, the black community of Montgomery organized a boycott of the bus system. The boycott lasted from Dec 5, 1955, to Dec 20, 1956, when a US Supreme Court ruling was implemented at Montgomery, integrating the public transportation system.
Image courtesy of the US Postal Museum
Dec 5, 1901. Animator, filmmaker, theme park developer, born at Chicago, IL. Disney died at Los Angeles, CA, Dec 15, 1966.
Dec 6, 1865. The 13th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, abolishing slavery in the US. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, save as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. This amendment was proclaimed Dec 18, 1865. The 13th, 14th and 15th amendments are considered the Civil War Amendments.
Dec 6, 1920. With his innovative and forever intuitive sound as both a pianist and composer, Dave Brubeck became one of the biggest stars of American jazz in the 1950s and 60s, at a time when rock and roll wasthe dominant force in popular music. Legendary records like his 1955 Columbia debut Brubeck Time and the ambitious Time Out (1959) featuring the hitTake Five and the first million-selling jazz album remain as hallmarks of jazz, and document how Brubeck and his collaborators defined the contours of American cool. A recipient of the National Medal of Arts, he was also the first modern jazz musician to be featured on the cover of Time magazine. Born at Concord, CA, Brubeck died Dec 5, 2012, at Norwalk, CT.